President Obama Killed Bipartisanship September 20, 2010Posted by Jamie Friedland in Congress, Media, Politics.
Tags: Bipartisanship, Democrats, Obama, Partisan, Political Climate, Politics, Republicans, ThePoliticalClimate
President Obama campaigned on bipartisanship. We wanted a change, so he chose not to investigate the partisan excesses and likely transgressions of the Bush administration; he unhinged the pendulum and just laid it on the ground. Instead of overcorrecting in the other direction, he tried to start anew as a united nation. America was ready to move forward. The Republican Party was not.
Ideally, in our two party system, each governing party has a different plan to move America forward. When problems arise, Democrats propose to move forward slanting to the left, Republicans propose to move forward slanting to the right, and when they finally come together and compromise on necessary legislation, we as a country end up simply moving forward and addressing the problem (see graphic below).
It’s a little messier in practice. Because one party controls the White House at a time and Congress is rarely evenly split, final legislation generally skews towards the ruling party rather than perfectly straddling the center. It must also be mentioned that sometimes there is a right and a wrong answer. And on a related note, a political compromise that pleases both parties is not ipso facto good policy: for example, the stimulus package contained both Democratic spending projects and tax breaks that Republicans would normally support, but it was not enough to promote a strong recovery.
Bipartisanship is not always the solution, but it is an important concept in a democratic republic like ours. And President Obama bears some responsibility for its contemporary demise. Although he acted with good intentions, his transcendent quest to achieve bipartisanship ironically doomed itself with partisan politics.
Had Republicans shared this bipartisan vision, Obama’s plan could well have succeeded. Alas, insert two-way street aphorism here.
At the most basic level, in a two party political system, one party’s success is the other party’s failure. The converse is equally true. Again, ideally, a shared desire to address a crisis creates some middle ground for bipartisan compromise. Yet a hyperpartisan mindset obliterates that middle ground. Under current Senate rules that allow what should really be called a 41-member “superminority” to obstruct Congressional action, lawmaking grinds to a halt. Problems progress, but legislation languishes.
With surging unemployment and an anemic recovery, Republicans concluded that the painful status quo benefitted them. They did not want to move forward. Indeed, they were rooting against America because both America’s failures would be blamed upon the Democratic majority and administration and pay political dividends. Sadly, in our toxic political climate, you do not earn points for bipartisan assists; all that matters is the score, Republicans vs. Democrats.
Yet Republicans initiated this confrontational scenario, so that much cannot be blamed on President Obama. There is another variable that can.
Because Obama campaigned on bipartisanship, that middle compromise space between a Democratic policy and a Republican policy turned blue. In that binary hyperpartisan world, cooperation became a win for Democrats and a loss for Republicans. So via obstructionism, the GOP could now play legislative defense and political offense simultaneously.
Of course this tactic held our country hostage and prolonged American suffering in the process. Unfortunately, overly balanced media coverage combined with admittedly effective GOP spin (having your own network helps) enabled conservatives to pull off this maneuver without being called out for it.
So Republicans holed up. Elected lawmakers became fulltime law-stoppers, particularly in the Senate. They voted against a stimulus package that was watered down on their behalf and full of conservative tax breaks. They opposed an oil spill/clean energy jobs bill that contained entire sections unanimously approved by bipartisan committees and even cosponsored by Republicans. The conservative caucus is united in lockstep against anything the Democrats attempt to accomplish, no matter how reasonable or nonpartisan the measure may be.
Even though Obama appears to have been sincere in his hope to work together in moderation (as demonstrated by his history of making compromises that please nobody), his plan for bipartisanship backfired because Republicans continued to operate from a hyperpartisan perspective. Obama said he would end the mud-slinging; conservatives have defeated him simply by continuing to wallow.
In the meantime, the Democratic Party has wasted two years.
Republicans have triumphed at America’s expense. Unless current electoral indicators are drastically mistaken, they will benefit handsomely from this strategy in November. I am concerned about that outcome, but far more displeased with the precedent this could set for our country.
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